Chairman of the National Council

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The Chairman of the National Council (Kuehongese: 主席国会 Chủ tịch Quốc hội), often referred to as Chairman (主席 Chủ tịch), is the Head of State of Kuehong. The Chairman leads the executive branch of the Kuehongese government, the National Security and Stability Council, and serves at most two five-year terms, as stated in the Kuehongese constitution.

History[edit]

The position was first established as Secretary-General of the National Congress when the military took power over Kuehong through the 1967 Kuehongese coup d'etat. Already, the Prime Minister post held by Trần Chí Duệ already assumed the President's powers upon the death of Dương Văn Khánh in 1966. On 13 July 1968, the post was then reestablished as Chairman of the National Congress. The new position merged the positions of the Prime Minister and the President, giving the position absolute authority over the affairs in the country. The establishment of the post marked the end of civilian rule and the start of the military rule in the country.

Trần Chí Duệ held the post until his death on 22 July 1979. Although there wasn't formally a succession plan, he was succeeded by vice-chairman and second-in-command Vũ Tuấn Hưng after an internal debate among the Congress. Vu then resigned in 1984 and was succeeded by Trần Tu Tín, who later resigned during to failing health.

Under Lý Duc An, a new constitution was implemented that stipulated the powers of the Chairmanship, the term limits, and the succession process. Some powers were dissolved to the newly-established post the Chief Counsellor, which leads the newly-formed legislature. However, the chairmanship retains much of the authority over key decisions of the country.

Powers and duties[edit]

Duties[edit]

Duties of the president as described in the constitution are;

  • Ensure that the Constitution is respected and upheld;
  • Promote national reconciliation and integration;
  • Ensure and facilitate the proper functioning of the Constitutional Council and other institutions;
  • On the advice of the Election Commission, ensure the creation of proper conditions for the conduct of free and fair elections and referenda.

Constiutional powers[edit]

The Chairman has little constraints on their power. The Chairman shall be responsible to Parliament and can be impeached by a two-thirds majority in the Assembly. The Chairman may declare war and peace. He can place the country or any part under a state of emergency, under which they can override any law passed and promulgate any regulation without needing legislative approval. However, to prolong the state of emergency for more than a month, parliamentary approval is needed.

Administrative powers[edit]

The Chairman is the head of the executive, as such to make and execute numerous appointments which include the prime minister, cabinet and non-cabinet ministers, provincial governors, public officers, ambassadors and commissioned officers of the armed forces. The president may also appoint secretaries, officers and staff to carry out the duties of the office of the president. Grants and dispositions of lands and other immovable property vested in the Republic.

Office holders[edit]

Name Portrait Term of office Notes
1 General Trần Chí Duệ Nguyễn Khánh 1964.jpg 1968-1979 First military leader, who brought the whole nation under the military and formalised military rule.
2 Colonel General Vũ Tuấn Hưng Kyaw Zaw.png 1979-1984 Second military leader who brought about reforms, later resigned in a corruption scandal.
3 Captain Trần Tu Tín Đoàn Khuê.jpg 1984-1990 Third leader, the one behind the government reforms, brought further progress in democracy efforts in the country.
4 General Ly Duc An Senior General Min Aung Hlaing 2017 (cropped).jpg 1990-1996 First one to implement five-year term limits for chairman. However, he didn't keep to his promises of reforms and was later overthrown.
5 Lieutenant General Diep Duy Tam Bouasone.jpg 1996-1998 Though served for a relatively short-term, he helped further made progress in the reformation of Kuehong.
6 Major General Diep Quang Nhan Kem Sokha (2013).jpg 1998-2011 Longest serving military head, has overseen further reforms and modernisation in the country.
7 Senior Colonel Vu Yền Lực Yawd Serk.jpg 2011-present Current chairman of the Council